When interests of different governments, officials, or communities clash, we get a conflict. Parties with inconsistent views, beliefs, or the impaired balance of power often start a confrontation that grows into a conflict. The most severe armed conflicts are revolving in Afghanistan, Mexico, Syria, and Iraq. A considerable part of Africa is plagued with wars while Asia is a home to multiple minor conflicts besides wars in the Middle East.
Violence is a common determinant of the conflict. We rate wars according to the number of victims, and even peaceful demonstrations eventually clash with the police that inflict force against the activists. Nevertheless, there are cold wars that do not involve violence but still, we consider them serious conflicts. Violence is often thought to bring resolution to a conflict, though it is a slippery slope. In the case with international conflicts, violence provokes aggression, which makes it difficult for any party to end up the conflict.
Traditional methods of resolving conflicts are a diplomatic, military, and economic influence. Threats and the use of force are also the classical way of dealing with unrest. Balancing of conflicting interests through negotiations was used during Cold War. After World War II, America and Europe saw peacemaking alliances form to keep international order and prevent further conflicts. Though the UN and other organizations helped in resolving minor conflicts, they could not put end to prolonged wars in the Middle East.
Peaceful resolution of international and domestic conflicts is the only way to stop them from escalating. Economic influence can be an effective regulator of international relations if applied timely and wisely. Domestic conflicts, however, are not so easy to end without violence. The party in power is always interested in suppressing the uprising, and democratic order may be the only stimulus to promote a peaceful resolution.